Bone marrow biopsy

Bone marrow biopsy may be recommend if an abnormality is detected in blood or if doctor suspects cancer has originated in or traveled to bone marrow.

Bone marrow is the spongy material inside some of larger bones where blood cells are produced. Analyzing a sample of bone marrow may reveal what’s causing blood problem.

Bone marrow biopsy is commonly used to diagnose a variety of blood problems — both noncancerous and cancerous — including blood cancers, such as leukemia, lymphoma and multiple myeloma. A bone marrow biopsy may also detect cancers that started elsewhere and traveled to the bone marrow.

During a bone marrow biopsy, doctor draws a sample of bone marrow out of the back of hipbone using a long needle. In some cases, doctor may biopsy marrow from other bones in body. Patient receive a local anesthetic before a bone marrow biopsy in order to minimize discomfort during the procedure.