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Specialists Glossary

Allergist & Immunologist

Allergists are trained in the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of immune system problems such as allergies, asthma, inherited immunodeficiency diseases, autoimmune diseases, and even AIDS.
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Anesthesiologist

Anesthesiologists are responsible for administering anesthesia to relieve pain and for managing vital life functions including breathing, heart rhythm, and blood pressure during surgery. After surgery, they maintain the patient in a comfortable state during the recovery, and are involved in the provision of critical care medicine in the intensive care unit.
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Cardiologist

Cardiologists prevent and treat diseases of the cardiovascular (heart and blood vessels) system.
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Cardiac Perfusionists

The cardiovascular perfusionist operates extracorporeal circulation equipment during any medical procedure in which it is necessary to artificially support or temporarily replace a patient’s circulatory or respiratory functions, such as in open-heart surgery or other heart procedures
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Cardiac Surgeon

Cardiac surgeons specialize in chest surgery, which include congenital heart defects, bypass surgery, insertion of a pacemaker, heart disease diagnosis.
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Critical Care (Intensivists)                                                                                        

These physicians which are also called intensivists, treat patients with acute, life-threatening illnesses or injuries in hospitals, at the sites of accidents, in medical evacuation ambulances, and in operating rooms.
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Dentist                                                                                                                     

Dentist a person who is qualified to treat diseases and other conditions that affect the teeth and gums, especially the repair and extraction of teeth and the insertion of artificial ones.
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 Dermatologist (Skin Specialist)

Dermatologists treat conditions and diseases of the skin, hair and nails.
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Dietetics

A dietitian (or dietician) is an expert in dietetics; that is, human nutrition and the regulation of diet. A dietitian alters their patient’s nutrition based upon their medical condition and individual needs. Dietitians are the only healthcare professionals licenced to assess, diagnose, and treat nutritional problems
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Emergency Medicine

Emergency Medicine physicians treat patients with acute illnesses or injuries that require immediate medical attention. Emergency medicine doctors work in emergency rooms (ERs) or trauma centers and treat patients who need immediate care.
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Endocrinologist

Endocrinologists diagnose and treat illness that affects hormones and glands.
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 ENT (Otolaryngologists)

Are physicians trained in the medical and surgical management and treatment of patients with diseases and disorders of the ear, nose, throat (ENT), and related structures of the head and neck.
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Family Physician                                                                                                       

Family physician provide all aspects of healthcare for all ages and genders, regarding each organ system and its diseases.
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Gastroenterologist

Gastroenterologists diagnose and treat conditions of the stomach, intestines, esophagus, and appendix.
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General Medicine

Internal medicine or general medicine (in Commonwealth nations) is the medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases. Physicians specializing in internal medicine are called internists, or physicians (without a modifier) in Commonwealth nations.
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General Surgeon

General Surgeons primarily operate on the torso region of the body, including the large and small intestines, stomach, esophagus, spleen, gallbladder and liver. General Surgeons may also remove or repair parts of the abdominal organs, operate on breast tumors or skin cancers.
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Hematologist

Hematologists specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of issues relating to blood and bone marrow chemistry.
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Hematologist Oncologist

A hematologist-oncologist is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis, treatment and/or prevention of blood diseases and cancers such as iron-deficiency anemia, hemophilia, sickle-cell disease, leukemia and lymphoma. This physician is trained in hematology — the study of blood — and oncology — the study of cancer.
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Histopathologist

A pathologist who specializes in the detection of the effects of disease on body tissues; especially: one who identifies tumors by their histological characteristics.
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Infectious Diseases

Infectious disease specialists have expertise in infections of the sinuses, heart, brain, lungs, urinary tract, bowel, bones and pelvic organs caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
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Internal Medicine (Internists)

Doctor of internal medicine (Internists) specialize in adult medicine and routinely see patients with conditions such as heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, obesity, and chronic lung disease.
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Microbiologist

Is a scientist who studies microscopic life forms and processes or works in the field of microbiology. Microbiologists investigate the growth and characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, fungi, or some types of parasites.
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Neonatologist

Neonatology is a subspecialty of pediatrics that consists of the medical care of newborn infants, especially the ill or premature newborn infant. It is a hospital-based specialty, and is usually practiced in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).
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Nephrologist

Nephrologists diagnose and treat conditions and diseases of the kidney.
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Nuclear Medicine

Nuclear medicine radiologists, also called nuclear radiologists, are physicians who use radioactive materials, called radiopharmaceuticals, to diagnose and treat disease. They employ such techniques as scintigraphy, which uses radiopharmaceuticals to produce images of the body’s organs or to visualize certain diseases.
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Neurologist

Neurologists diagnose and treat conditions and diseases in the brain, nervous system and musculature.
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Neurosurgeon

A neurosurgeon is a medical specialist who treats diseases and conditions affecting the nervous system, which includes the brain, the spine and spinal cord, and the peripheral nerves. Neurosurgeons provide non-operative and surgical treatment to patients of all ages.
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Nutritionist

A nutritionist is an expert in the field of food and nutrition. They advise people on what to eat in order to lead a healthy lifestyle or achieve a specific health-related goal.
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Obstetrician & Gynecologist

Obstetrician & Gynecologist provide medical and surgical care to women and have expertise in pregnancy, childbirth, and disorders of the reproductive system.
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Occupational Medicine

Occupational Medicine focuses on the prevention, evaluation, treatment and resolution of health conditions caused by the workplace environment. Specialists in occupational medicine are thoroughly trained to assess the origin of worker injury and illness, taking past history, work conditions and other factors into consideration so that injuries and illnesses are properly classified and treated appropriately to ensure workers’ safe return to work.

Specialists in occupational medicine are experts in managing and monitoring the clinical care of employees, and improving their well-being through health promotion and education, workplace hazard analysis, and ensuring workplace compliance with laws and safety standards. Occupational Medicine specialists receive formal training in public health, preventive medicine, population medicine, epidemiology, toxicology, and research, with emphasis on employee health and conditions caused by workplace exposures.
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Oncologist

Oncologists study, diagnose, and treat cancerous tumors.
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Oncoplastic Breast Surgeon

Oncoplastic surgery combines the latest plastic surgery techniques with breast surgical oncology. When a large lumpectomy is required that will leave the breast distorted, the remaining tissue is sculpted to realign the nipple and areola and restore a natural appearance to the breast shape. The opposing breast will also be modified to create symmetry.
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Ophthalmologist (Eye Specialist)

Ophthalmologists are physicians who specialize in the medical and surgical care of the eyes.
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Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeon

Oral & Maxillofacial surgery (OMS) specializes in treating many diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and soft tissues of the Oral (mouth) and Maxillofacial (jaws and face) region.
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Orthodontist

Orthodontist is a dental specialist who aims to prevent, diagnose and treat facial and dental irregularities. Orthodontics is a branch of dentistry that specializes in treating patients with improper positioning of teeth
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Orthopedic

Orthopedists specialize in identifying and treating damage to the bones, muscles, joints, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.
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Palliative Medicine

Palliative medicine is a medical subspecialty provided by doctors who offer palliative care for people who are seriously ill. Palliative care relieves suffering and improves quality of life for people of any age and at any stage in a serious illness, whether that illness is curable, chronic, or life-threatening.
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Pathologist 

Pathologists specialize in the diagnosis and classification of diseases by laboratory tests.
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Pediatrician

Pediatricians are concerned with the optimal physical, mental, and social health and well-being for all infants, children, adolescents, and young adults, usually up to age 18.
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Pediatric Cardiologist

Diagnose and treat children’s cardiac problems. Evaluation and treatment may begin with the fetus since heart problems can now be detected before birth.
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Pediatric Surgeon

Pediatric surgeons diagnose, treat, and manage children’s surgical needs
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Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation (Physiatrists)

Physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R), also known as physiatry, rehabilitation medicine, is a branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those with physical impairments or disabilities. A physician having completed training in this field is referred to as a physiatrist. Physiatrists specialize in restoring optimal function to people with injuries to the muscles, bones, and nervous system.
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Physiotherapist

Physical therapists or physiotherapists work with patients whose movements may be undermined by aging, disease, environmental factors, or sporting hazards. Physical therapy also means the treatment of any pain, disease, or injury by physical means
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Plastic Surgeon

Plastic surgeons strive to improve patients’ appearance and self-image through both reconstructive and cosmetic procedures. Reconstructive procedures correct defects on the face or body.
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Psychiatrist

Psychiatrists specialize in evaluating and treating mental, emotional, or behavioral disorders; they are medical doctors (MDs) who can prescribe medicines.
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Psychologist

Psychologists work directly with those experiencing difficulties, such as mental health disorders including anxiety and depression. They help people to overcome relationship problems, eating disorders, learning problems, substance abuse, parenting issues, or to manage the effects of a chronic illness.
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Pulmonologist

Pulmonologist is trained in diagnosis and treatment of the diseases related to the respiratory system. Common symptoms of respiratory system are cough, difficulty in breathing, wheezes and chest pain etc. Pulmonologists treat pulmonary (lung) conditions and diseases including pneumonia and bronchitis.
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Radiologist

Radiologists are medical doctors (MDs) or doctors of osteopathic medicine (DOs) who specialize in diagnosing and treating diseases and injuries using medical imaging techniques, such as X-Rays, Computed Tomography (CT), Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Nuclear Medicine, Positron Emission Tomography (PET), and Ultrasound.
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Radiation Oncologist

Oncology is the study of cancer. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer. Usually, an oncologist manages a person’s care and treatment once he or she is diagnosed with cancer.

The field of oncology has three major areas: medical, surgical, and radiation.

A radiation oncologist treats cancer using radiation therapy.
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Rheumatologist

Rheumatologists treat arthritis, autoimmune diseases, pain disorders affecting joints, and osteoporosis. There are more than 200 types of these diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, lupus, back pain, osteoporosis, and tendinitis.
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Speech Therapist

The treatment of speech and communication disorders. The approach used varies depending on the disorder. It may include physical exercises to strengthen the muscles used in speech (oral-motor work), speech drills to improve clarity, or sound production practice to improve articulation
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Urologist

Urologists treat diseases of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
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Vascular Surgeon

A vascular surgeon is a specialist who cares for patients with diseases that affect the arteries, veins, and lymphatic systems exclusive of the heart and intracranial (within the brain) circulations. Hardening of the arteries or atherosclerosis is a common cause of vascular disease.
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