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Pregnancy symptoms

You haven’t missed your period yet, but something seems different, changes in your energy level, mood, or breasts — a lot like having PMS (Premenstrual syndrome). Other signs might take you by surprise, like fainting, a shift in your sense of smell, or more bathroom visits.

And sometimes early pregnancy symptoms may show up around the time you’ve missed a period – or a week or two later. In fact, 7 out of 10 women have early pregnancy symptoms by the time they’re 6 weeks along.

If you’re not keeping track of your menstrual cycle or if it varies widely from one month to the next, you may not be sure when to expect your period. But if you start to feel some of the early pregnancy symptoms (not all women get them) and you’re wondering why you haven’t gotten your period, take a home pregnancy test, you may very well be pregnant.

Achy Breasts

One common pregnancy symptom is sensitive, swollen breasts caused by rising levels of hormones 494346627progesterone. They may feel fuller and heavier. You might even notice the area around your nipple getting bigger and darker. Your discomfort should diminish significantly after the first trimester, as your body adjusts to the hormonal changes.

Another reason your breasts swell is that your body keeps more water during pregnancy, which can make you feel bloated, too.

 

Fatigue

wax-fatigue--e1450095157781Feeling tired all of a sudden? Women who have never been able to nap before often suddenly start needing naps during the first trimester. No one knows for sure what causes early pregnancy fatigue, but it’s possible that rapidly increasing levels of the hormone progesterone are contributing to your sleepiness.

You should start to feel more energetic once you hit your second trimester, although fatigue usually returns late in pregnancy when you’re carrying around a lot more weight and some of the common discomforts of pregnancy make it more difficult to get a good night’s sleep.

 

Mood Swings

And once you know you’re pregnant, you might get stressed out about the idea of becoming a parent. MS-and-mood-swings-RM-722x406Even if it’s planned, there can be a lot of fear.

It’s common to have mood swings during pregnancy, partly because of hormonal changes that affect neurotransmitters (chemical messengers in the brain). Everyone responds differently to these changes. Some moms-to-be experience heightened emotions, both good and bad; others feel more depressed or anxious.

Fatigue and hunger can make mood swings worse, so try to find time to rest and eat small snacks throughout the day. You’re likely to feel better by 14 to 16 weeks.

Important: If you’ve been feeling sad or hopeless or unable to cope with your daily responsibilities, or you’re having thoughts of harming yourself, call your healthcare provider or a mental health professional right away.

 

Feeling Lightheaded

woman-dizzy-lightheaded-woozy-holding-oniStock_000034649316_MediumSome women get very lightheaded or dizzy during early pregnancy. Some even have fainting spells. It could be hormones, or it might low blood pressure.


If your blood sugar is low, try eating smaller meals more often throughout the day. For many women, this dizziness feeling gets better after the first trimester.

 

 

Nausea

For some women, morning sickness doesn’t hit until about a month or two after conception, though for morning-sicknessothers it may start as early as two weeks. And not just in the morning, either: Pregnancy-related nausea (with or without vomiting) can be a problem morning, noon, or night.

Small, frequent, protein-rich meals can help control your uneasy stomach. Staying hydrated can, too. To help fluids go down easily, diluted fruit juice, ginger tea, or a basic pregnancy tea (they usually contain red raspberry leaf and nettles) are also good options. Mint tea can help with nausea, but it can make heartburn, another common pregnancy symptom. A snack before bed, like a small piece of cheese and some nuts, can help steady your blood sugar overnight so you don’t wake up feeling very sick.

Most pregnant women with nausea feel complete relief by the beginning of the second trimester. For most others it takes another month or so for the queasiness to ease up. A lucky few escape it altogether.

Important: Nausea can be a discomfort (morning sickness), but if, in combination with significant vomiting, it causes water-electrolyte imbalance it is a complication (hyperemesis gravidarum). Check in with your doctor if you’re vomiting so much you’re not keeping anything down or you’re losing weight. There are medications that help extreme morning sickness.


Food Aversions

article-pregnancy-food-substitutes-3If you’re newly pregnant, it’s not uncommon to feel repelled by the smell or less taste of certain foods. Some women find that one of their first signs of pregnancy is a heightened sense of smell. It makes scents they were OK with before absolutely sickening. Other women develop a funny taste in their mouth that they just can’t get rid of. Though no one knows for sure, this may be a side effect of rapidly increasing amounts of estrogen in your system. You may also find that certain foods you used to enjoy are suddenly completely repulsive to you.

Take a prenatal vitamin to make sure you’re getting nutrients and folic acid, which you need to prevent certain birth defects. Drink lots of liquids, too. As long as you avoid getting dehydrated, you should get through this phase just fine. You’ll likely lose your disgust as you head into your second trimester.


Frequent Urination

Shortly after you become pregnant, hormonal changes prompt a chain of events that raise the rate of frequenturination5efcblood flow through your kidneys. This causes your bladder to fill more quickly, so you need to urinate more often. This symptom may start as early as six weeks into your first trimester. Your kidneys have to process more urine during pregnancy. Plus, your uterus getting bigger puts pressure on your bladder. Together, that’s a lot of trips to the bathroom.

“Some women who don’t know that they’re pregnant think they have a bladder infection,”

Having to get up in the middle of the night to pee may be annoying, but don’t cut back on how much you’re drinking. You need extra fluids to keep enough water in your body.


Light bleeding or spotting

implantation-bleeding-colorCramping or a bit of blood starting a little earlier than you expect your period may be a sign that the fertilized egg is getting attached in the uterus.

Even bleeding that continues to your sixth or seventh week can be normal. At that point, your doctor can do an ultrasound to make sure the baby is developing normally.

Important: About 1 in 4 women experience spotting or light bleeding during the first trimester. It’s often nothing, but sometimes it’s a sign of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. If your bleeding is severe or accompanied by pain or lightheadedness, or if you’re at all concerned, call your doctor.


Abdominal bloatingStomach-Bloating

Hormonal changes in early pregnancy may leave you feeling bloated, similar to the feeling some women have just before their period. That’s why your clothes may feel more snug than usual at the waistline, even early on when your uterus is still quite small.

 

Constipation

constipation-homeremediesDuring pregnancy, the muscle contractions that normally move food through your intestines slow down because of higher levels of the hormone progesterone. Add to that the extra iron you’re getting from your prenatal vitamin, and the result is uncomfortable constipation and gas that can keep you feeling bloated throughout your pregnancy. Increase your fiber intake and drink extra fluids to keep things moving more smoothly. Physical activity can also help.


Important: If your constipation is really bothering you, talk to your doctor about what mild laxative or stool softeners are safe to use during pregnancy.

 

Discharge

It’s normal to see a thin, milky white discharge (called leukorrhea) early in your pregnancy. You can wear a panty liner if it makes you feel more comfortable, but don’t use a tampon because it can introduce germs into the vagina.

Important: If the discharge is foul-smelling, green, or yellow, or if there’s a lot of clear discharge, call your doctor.

 

The 3 Trimesters  Alarming Symptoms 

 


 

Related Topics

 Ovulation

 Overdue Pregnancy 

 Overdue Delivery Procedures

 


 

References:

http://www.pregnancybirthbaby.org.au/

http://www.webmd.com/baby/guide/first-trimester-of-pregnancy#1

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pregnancy

http://www.mayoclinic.org/

http://www.whattoexpect.com/pregnancy/

http://www.babycenter.com/pregnancy

 

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