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Prostate Diseases

What Is the Prostate

The prostate is a small, walnut-shaped gland that is part of the male reproductive system. The prostate sits under the bladder and in front of the rectum. The prostate is surrounded by muscles and nerves. The urethra (the tube that carries urine and semen out of the body) passes through the prostate.

The prostate’s main job is to help make fluid for semen. During ejaculation, sperm made in the testicles moves to the urethra. At the same time, fluid from the prostate and the seminal vesicles also moves into the urethra. This mixture—semen—goes through the urethra and out of the penis. This seminal fluid protects and energizes sperm as they travel to the female egg.

It slowly grows larger with age. If it gets too large, it can cause problems. This is very common after age 50. The older men get, the more likely they are to have prostate trouble.

Some common problems are:

 

Prostatitis Enlarged prostate-BPH

 

 

Related Topic

Prostate cancer

 


References:

https://www.nia.nih.gov/health/publication/prostate-problems

https://medlineplus.gov/prostatediseases.html

http://www.webmd.com/men/guide/prostatitis#1

http://www.healthline.com/health/prostatitis-bacterial-acute#Symptoms2

http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia/basics/preparing-for-your-appointment/con-20030812

http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-(bph)/causes


 

Urologists are the specialized health professional who deal with prostate diseases.

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