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Ebola Complications

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) often has many complications

  • Multiple organ failures
  • Severe bleeding
  • Jaundice
  • Delirium
  • Shock
  • Seizures
  • Coma
  • Death (about 50%-100% of infected patients).

One reason the viruses are so deadly is that they interfere with the immune system’s ability to mount a defense. But scientists don’t understand why some people recover from Ebola and Marburg and others don’t.

For patients fortunate enough to survive Ebola hemorrhagic fever, recovery is slow. It may take months to regain weight and strength, and the viruses remain in the body for weeks.  

Survivors may experience

  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Hair loss
  • Hepatitis
  • Sensory changes
  • Inflammation of organs (for example, the testicles and the eyes).

Some may have Ebola linger in their semen for months and others may have the virus latently infect their eye(s).

Male patients may have detectable Ebola viruses in their semen for as long as six months after they survive the infection. Researchers consider the chance of being infected with Ebola from semen is very low; however, they recommend utilizing condoms for six months; some experts suggest a longer time.

Follow-up eye exams are likely to be important in patients who survive Ebola infections.

 

 

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References:

https://www.medicinenet.com/ebola_hemorrhagic_fever_ebola_hf/article.htm#what_are_complications_of_ebola_hemorrhagic_fever

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/ebola-virus/symptoms-causes/syc-20356258

 

 

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