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What causes Type 2 Diabetes

While there is no single cause of type 2 diabetes, there are well-established risk factors. Some risk factors can be controlled and others you are born with.

Diabetes runs in the family, if you have a family member with diabetes, you have a genetic disposition to have diabetes. You inherit a predisposition to the condition and then something in your environment triggers it.

Although there is a strong genetic predisposition, the risk is greatly increased when associated with lifestyle factors such as high blood pressure, overweight or obesity, insufficient physical activity, poor diet and the classic ‘apple shape’ body where extra weight is carried around the waist.

You are at a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes if you:

  • have a family history of diabetes
  • are older (over 55 years of age ) – the risk increases as we age
  • are over 45 years of age and are overweight
  • are over 45 years of age and have high blood pressure
  • are a woman who has given birth to a child over 4.5 kgs (9 lbs), or had gestational diabetes when pregnant, or had a condition known as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome.

Other risk factors have to do with your daily habits and lifestyle. These are the ones you can really do something about.

  • Getting little or no exercise
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Sleeping too little or too much

 

Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes

Cure for Type 2 Diabetes

Managing type 2 Diabetes

 

 

More Topics

Type 1 Diabetes Neonatal diabetes
Wolfram Syndrome Gestational Diabetes
Alström Syndrome Maturity onset diabetes of the young-MODY
Preventing complications of Diabetes

 

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